ESSENCE CASE STUDY
Interventions beyond medicine for dementia: economic evidence
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A series of interventions ‘beyond medicine’ are available for people living with dementia. The effectiveness in relation to cognition, independence, wellbeing and other outcomes varies across these interventions.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) developed economic models to simulate the cost-effectiveness for an average person receiving each intervention of interest, compared with usual care. The effectiveness measure was (health-related) quality-adjusted life years (QALYs).
Individual cognitive stimulation therapy is the only cost-effective intervention for dementia. However, group cognitive stimulation therapy and group reminiscence therapy are interventions to consider for people living with mild-to-moderate dementia. Additionally, cognitive rehabilitation or occupational therapy are interventions to consider for supporting functional ability in people living with mild-to-moderate dementia.
For other interventions the NICE committee agreed that people should be offered access to a range of activities that should be tailored to their individual preferences.
This website reports on independent research funded by the NIHR School for Social Care Research.
The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NIHR, SSCR or the Department of Health and Social Care.