[SOURCE: Glanz A and Knapp M (2017) Understanding substantive and theoretical issues in long-term care. Glossary of key terms. From: Social Protection Investment in Long-Term Care Project, HORIZON 2020 - Grant Agreement No 649565. European Union. (The resource is accessible here)]
Long-term care refers to the organisation and delivery of a broad range of services and assistance to people with a reduced degree of functional capacity, physical or cognitive, and who are consequently dependent for an extended period of time on help with basic activities of daily living (ADL). This personal care component may be provided in combination with help with basic medical services such as nursing care, as well as prevention or rehabilitation or palliative care. Long-term care services can also be combined with lower-level domestic help or help with instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as bathing, dressing, eating, getting in and out of a bed or chair, moving around and using the bathroom. Although people of all ages may become dependent on long-term care, the risk of dependency for those in older age is far more significant. Long-term care services are crucial to many people in older age groups, whose needs may result from long-standing chronic conditions, causing physical or mental disability (OECD 2013).
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